Adalimumab Treatment in Children with Refractory Crohn’s Disease
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- Rosenbach, Y., Hartman, C., Shapiro, R. et al. Dig Dis Sci (2010) 55: 747. doi:10.1007/s10620-009-0791-7
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Information on safety and efficacy of adalimumab in children with Crohn’s disease (CD) is limited. We present a case-series of 14 children with severe CD treated with adalimumab during a 3.5-year period. Fourteen children (nine boys, five girls), aged 13.9 years (range 1.9–19.1) were treated with adalimumab during 12.5 months (range 7–42). All had steroid or immunosuppression-drugs refractory disease. Ten patients (71%) had been previously treated with infliximab, 13/14 were treated with different immunosuppressive drugs and all were steroid-dependent or resistant. Seven children (50%) showed full clinical response and 5/14 (35%) improved partially. Two children (15%) had loss of response after a period of transient improvement. Adalimumab treatment enabled complete steroids withdrawal in 8/14 (57%) of steroid-dependent children. Currently, five children are in complete remission with adalimumab monotherapy for a median 14 months (range 9–24). Adalimumab may induce and maintain remission in children with severe, refractory CD. Prospective safety and efficacy confirmation of this data in children is necessary.