, Volume 53, Issue 12, pp 3225-3233
Date: 09 May 2008

The Expression of Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1α in Hepatitis B Virus-Related Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Correlation with Patients’ Prognosis and Hepatitis B Virus X Protein

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Abstract

Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) was well correlated with carcinogenesis and tumor progression in many kinds of cancer. In this study, high expression of HIF-1α was found in 37 of the 72 (51.39%) tumor specimens, and significantly correlated with venous invasion and lymphonode invasion. Patients with high expression of HIF-1α had a significantly shorter overall survival rate and disease-free survival rate than those with low expression. Multivariate analysis showed high HIF-1α expression was a borderline independent factor of overall survival. HIF-1α expression was also found to be significantly correlated with the expression of hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx), and over-expressed HBx upregulated HIF-1α protein expression in vitro. These results suggested that HIF-1α, which was partially regulated by HBx, might be a prognostic marker of HBV-related HCC patients.

Dr. Huahong Xie, Dr. Jiugang Song, and Dr. Kaige Liu contributed equally to this study.