Accurate Prediction of Protein Disordered Regions by Mining Protein Structure Data
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- Cheng, J., Sweredoski, M.J. & Baldi, P. Data Min Knowl Disc (2005) 11: 213. doi:10.1007/s10618-005-0001-y
Intrinsically disordered regions in proteins are relatively frequent and important for our understanding of molecular recognition and assembly, and protein structure and function. From an algorithmic standpoint, flagging large disordered regions is also important for ab initio protein structure prediction methods. Here we first extract a curated, non-redundant, data set of protein disordered regions from the Protein Data Bank and compute relevant statistics on the length and location of these regions. We then develop an ab initio predictor of disordered regions called DISpro which uses evolutionary information in the form of profiles, predicted secondary structure and relative solvent accessibility, and ensembles of 1D-recursive neural networks. DISpro is trained and cross validated using the curated data set. The experimental results show that DISpro achieves an accuracy of 92.8% with a false positive rate of 5%. DISpro is a member of the SCRATCH suite of protein data mining tools available through http://www.igb.uci.edu/servers/psss.html.