Cytotechnology

, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 385–393

Exploring the stem cell and non-stem cell constituents of human breast milk

Authors

    • Loyola College
  • M. Dhanasekaran
    • Lifeline Multispeciality Hospital
  • J. S. Rajkumar
    • Lifeline Multispeciality Hospital
  • D. Sudarsanam
    • Loyola College
Original Research

DOI: 10.1007/s10616-012-9492-8

Cite this article as:
Indumathi, S., Dhanasekaran, M., Rajkumar, J.S. et al. Cytotechnology (2013) 65: 385. doi:10.1007/s10616-012-9492-8

Abstract

The immense potency of nutritional components of human breast milk and importance of breastfeeding is known worldwide. Recent researches had identified stem cells as integral component of human breast milk. Nevertheless, there is little proof of evidence on the stem cell constituents of breast milk. It is imperative to explore the cellular constituents of human breast milk, including of stem cells, to open new avenue in child’s development and regeneration. Thus, we aimed at identifying the cellular constituents of human breast milk by phenotypic characterisation of diverse cell surface markers of hematopoietic stem cells (CD 34, CD 133, CD 117), mesenchymal stem cells (CD 90, CD 105, CD 73), myoepithelial cells (CD 29, CD 44), Immune cells (CD 209, CD 86, CD 83, CD 14, CD 13, HLADR, CD 45), as well as cell adhesion molecules (CD 31, CD 54, CD 166, CD 106, CD 49d), and other markers (ABCG2, CD140b) using flowcytometry. We found a lower expression of CD 34 (13.07 ± 2.0 %), CD 90 (7.79 ± 0.8 %) and CD 73 (2.19 ± 0.41 %), indicating scanty hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem cell population in human breast milk. On contrary, myoepithelial progenitors, cell adhesion molecules, immune cells and growth factors were identified as the major constituents of breast milk. Overall, this study illuminates the benefits of breast feeding as breast milk encompasses heterogeneous cellular components that benefits child’s growth, immunity and development. However, further research on these constituents of human breast milk will widen their applicability in treatment of neonatal disorders.

Keywords

Breast milkMesenchymal stem cellsHematopoietic stem cellsImmune cellsCell adhesionMoleculesBreast feeding

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012