Fighting terror with error: the counter-productive regulation of informal value transfers
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- Passas, N. Crime Law Soc Change (2006) 45: 315. doi:10.1007/s10611-006-9041-5
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This paper challenges the widely shared view that the United States and international frameworks regulating terrorist finance and money laundering (AML/CFT) is productive and effective. Through a careful look at the evidence regarding the formal and informal fund transfer systems, this paper shows that security, crime control and economic policy objectives are systematically frustrated by ill-conceived and misapplied rules. US federal and state regulations in particular illustrate how unrealistic, unaffordable and counter-productive are current arrangements. The paper concludes with some suggestions about how to reverse the ongoing fact-free policy making process.