Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 261–280

Implementation Intentions Facilitate Response Inhibition in Children with ADHD

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10608-007-9150-1

Cite this article as:
Gawrilow, C. & Gollwitzer, P.M. Cogn Ther Res (2008) 32: 261. doi:10.1007/s10608-007-9150-1


Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is associated with action control problems such as failure to inhibit inappropriate responses. Two studies investigated whether self-regulation by implementation intentions (if-then plans; Gollwitzer, P. M. (1999). Implementation intentions: Strong effects of simple plans. American Psychologist, 54, 493–503) facilitates response inhibition in children with ADHD. In Study 1, children with ADHD who furnished a suppression goal with implementation intentions improved inhibition of an unwanted response on a Go/No-Go task to the same level observed in children without ADHD. Study 2 showed that a combination of implementation intentions and psychostimulant medication resulted in the highest level of suppression performance in children with ADHD. Theoretical and applied implications of these results are discussed.


Children with ADHD Executive functions Response inhibition Self-regulation Implementation intentions 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of KonstanzKonstanzGermany
  2. 2.Psychology DepartmentNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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