, Volume 48, Issue 5, pp 774-779
Date: 15 Nov 2012

Bioassay-guided studies on Bombax ceiba leaf extract: isolation of shamimoside, a new antioxidant xanthone C-glucoside

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Bioassay-guided isolation studies on the methanolic extract of the leaves of Bombax ceiba employing DPPH antioxidant assay led to the isolation of a new xanthone C-glucoside, shamimoside (2), along with three known constituents, mangiferin (1), stigma-5-en-3-O-β-glucoside, and β-amyrin. The structure of shamimoside has been elucidated through extensive spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR experiments, as 4-C-β-D-glucopyranosyl-1,3,6,8-tetrahydroxy-7-O-(p-hydroxybenzoyl)-9H-xanthen-9-one (2). It is the first naturally occurring xanthone containing a benzoate moiety directly attached to an aromatic ring. Polar extracts and fractions demonstrated better antioxidant activity, and 1 was found to be more potent than 2 in this assay.

Published in Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii, No. 5, September–October, 2012, pp. 692–696.