Structure of lipid A from the marine gram-negative bacterium Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens IAM 13010T
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- Volk, A.S., Krasikova, I.N., Anastyuk, S.D. et al. Chem Nat Compd (2007) 43: 519. doi:10.1007/s10600-007-0181-3
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The structure of lipid A from the marine γ-proteobacterium Pseudoalteromonas nigrifaciens IAM 13010T that was prepared by hydrolysis of the corresponding lipopolysaccharide by acetic acid (1%) was determined by chemical analysis, 13C NMR spectroscopy, and MALDI/TOF and LSIMS mass spectrometry. It was shown that lipid A is a β-1,6-bonded disaccharide of glucosamine that is substituted by two phosphoric acids (in the C1 and C4′ positions), two (R)-3-hydroxyalkanoic (normal and branched) acids with ester bonding (at the C3 and C3′-positions), and (R)-3-hydroxydodecanoic and (R)-3-dodecanoyloxydodecanoic acids (both with amide bonding at C2′ and C2, respectively). It was hypothesized that this type of structure is typical of lipid A from bacteria of the genus Pseudoalteromonas in general.