Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 303–310

The Impact of Psychiatric Disorders on Employment: Results from a National Survey (NESARC)

  • Inger Burnett-Zeigler
  • Mark A. Ilgen
  • Kipling Bohnert
  • Erin Miller
  • Khairul Islam
  • Kara Zivin
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10597-012-9510-5

Cite this article as:
Burnett-Zeigler, I., Ilgen, M.A., Bohnert, K. et al. Community Ment Health J (2013) 49: 303. doi:10.1007/s10597-012-9510-5

Abstract

In this study we examine the longitudinal effects of psychiatric and substance use disorders on employment, in an employed population. The sample included respondents to the National epidemiologic survey on alcohol related conditions (NESARC) who were employed at Wave 1 (N = 22,407). Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted examining the associations between 12-month and new onset 12-month psychiatric diagnoses at Wave 1 and employment status at Wave 2. Past year and new onset 12-month depression, 12-month bipolar, new onset 12-month drug abuse, and 12-month and new onset 12-month drug dependence were associated with a decreased odds of being employed at Wave 2. This study suggests that it would be beneficial for employers to support their employees in participating in mental health treatment. Additionally, understanding how psychiatric disorders influence employment over the life course might inform the development of preemptive interventions to treat mental health symptoms.

Keywords

Employment Psychiatric disorders Substance use disorders Longitudinal 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inger Burnett-Zeigler
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mark A. Ilgen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kipling Bohnert
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Erin Miller
    • 3
  • Khairul Islam
    • 2
  • Kara Zivin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.VA Ann Arbor Healthcare SystemVA Serious Mental Illness Treatment Research and Evaluation Center (SMITREC)Ann ArborUSA
  2. 2.Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development (HSR&D)Ann Arbor Center of ExcellenceAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Michigan Medical SchoolAnn ArborUSA