Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 47, Issue 1, pp 35–46

Who is Prone to React to Coinciding Threats of Terrorism and War? Exploring Vulnerability Through Global Versus Differential Reactivity


    • Department of PsychologyTel Aviv University
  • Giora Keinan
    • Department of PsychologyTel Aviv University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10597-010-9354-9

Cite this article as:
Shmotkin, D. & Keinan, G. Community Ment Health J (2011) 47: 35. doi:10.1007/s10597-010-9354-9


This study addressed reactions of Israelis to terrorism and the confrontation with Iraq when these threats coincided in 2003. A sample of 471 participants (age range 19–88) rated affective, cognitive, and behavioral reactions to each threat. Stronger reactions related to higher neuroticism, lower education, and being a woman; reactions to the confrontation with Iraq also related to lower extraversion and being a Holocaust survivor. Participants reacting predominantly to terrorism revealed higher conscientiousness and better subjective health. The study suggests that global reactivity to a critical dual-stressor situation is linked with risk factors of vulnerability whereas differential reactivity may indicate adaptability.


TerrorismWarStress reactionsMental healthIsrael

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010