Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 227–232

Substance Use Outcomes Among Homeless Clients with Serious Mental Illness: Comparing Housing First with Treatment First Programs

Authors

    • Silver School of Social WorkNew York University
  • Victoria Stanhope
    • Silver School of Social WorkNew York University
  • Ben F. Henwood
    • Silver School of Social WorkNew York University
  • Ana Stefancic
    • Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10597-009-9283-7

Cite this article as:
Padgett, D.K., Stanhope, V., Henwood, B.F. et al. Community Ment Health J (2011) 47: 227. doi:10.1007/s10597-009-9283-7

Abstract

The Housing First (HF) approach for homeless adults with serious mental illness has gained support as an alternative to the mainstream “Treatment First” (TF) approach. In this study, group differences were assessed using qualitative data from 27 HF and 48 TF clients. Dichotomous variables for substance use and substance abuse treatment utilization were created and examined using bivariate and logistic regression analyses. The HF group had significantly lower rates of substance use and substance abuse treatment utilization; they were also significantly less likely to leave their program. Housing First’s positive impact is contrasted with the difficulties Treatment First programs have in retaining clients and helping them avoid substance use and possible relapse.

Keywords

Serious mental illnessDual diagnosisHomelessnessHousing First

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010