, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 143-159
Date: 11 Jan 2006

Demographic Characteristics and Employment Among People with Severe Mental Illness in a Multisite Study

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

People with psychiatric disabilities experience disproportionately high rates of unemployment. As research evidence is mounting regarding effective vocational programs, interest is growing in identifying subgroup variations. Data from a multisite research and demonstration program were analyzed to identify demographic characteristics associated with employment outcomes, after adjusting for the effects of program, services, and study site. Longitudinal analyses found that people with more recent work history, younger age, and higher education were more likely to achieve competitive employment and to work more hours per month, while race and gender effects varied by employment outcome. Results provide strong evidence of demographic subgroup variation and need.

Jane K. Burke-Miller, Judith A. Cook, Dennis D. Grey, Lisa A. Razzano, and Amanda Taylor are affiliated with the Center on Mental Health Services Research and Policy at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Crystal R. Blyler is affiliated with the Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD. H. Stephen Leff is affiliated with the Human Services Research Institute, Cambridge, MA. Paul B. Gold is affiliated with the Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina. Richard W. Goldberg is affiliated with the Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland. Kim T. Mueser is affiliated with the New Hampshire-Dartmouth Psychiatric Research Center, Dartmouth Medical School. William L. Cook is affiliated with the Department of Psychiatry, Maine Medical Center. Sue K. Hoppe was affiliated with the University of Texas Health Sciences Center San Antonio, Department of Psychiatry at the time of the study. Michelle Stewart was affiliated with the Community Rehabilitation Division, University of Arizona at the time of the study. Laura Blankertz was affiliated with Matrix Research Institute, Philadelphia, PA at the time of the study. Kenn Dudek is affiliated with Fountain House, New York, NY. Martha Ann Carey was affiliated with the Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD at the time of the study.
This research was funded by Cooperative Agreement No. SM51820 from the Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, as part of the Employment Intervention Demonstration Program (EIDP).