, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 281-311

Spiropyrans: Synthesis, Properties, and Application. (Review)

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Abstract

Published data on the synthesis and structural modification of spiropyrans and bisspiropyrans and production of the heteroanalogs of spiropyrans are classified and analyzed. The chemical characteristics of spiropyrans, including complexation of the open-chain isomers and cyclic forms are examined. Special attention is paid to the photochromic characteristics of spiropyrans at interfaces between phases.

Dedicated to our tutor Academician V. I. Minkin on the occasion of his 70th birthday.
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Translated from Khimiya Geterotsiklicheskikh Soedinenii, No. 3, pp. 323–359, March, 2005.