, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 273-280
Date: 28 Sep 2006

AFLP analysis of genetic relationships between barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces from north Shewa in Ethiopia

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Abstract

Local cultivars adapted to specific environmental conditions are the chief source of seed for farmers in Ethiopia and deserve research priority. The aim of this study was, therefore, to determine the genetic relationships between different barley landraces, from north Shewa in Ethiopia so as to differentiate genotypes known by different local names and facilitate their conservation and use in breeding new varieties. Five AFLP primer combinations were analyzed for 19 barley landraces and five malting varieties. The number of scoreable fragments amplified by each AFLP primer combination varied from 49 to 118 with an average of 84.5 and polymorphic fragments for each primer combination varied from 27 to 77 with an average of 58.5. The average percent polymorphism was 69.9% with values ranging from 55.1% to 75.8%. Cluster analysis placed the accessions and malting varieties into one main group while all the farmers’ cultivars, with the exception of two, were in the other main group. It was shown that sampling of germplasm at a given locality might not represent the whole array of genetic variability of locally grown famers’ cultivars. A comprehensive study of all the farmers’ barley cultivars, grown in different parts of Ethiopia, is required to maximize the efforts of germplasm conservation and utilization in national and regional breeding programs.