Conservation Genetics

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 33–44

Genetic structure of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) from the Hardangervidda mountain plateau (Norway) analyzed by microsatellite DNA: a basis for conservation guidelines

  • Jørn Henrik Sønstebø
  • Reidar Borgstrøm
  • Manfred Heun
Original paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10592-006-9145-6

Cite this article as:
Sønstebø, J., Borgstrøm, R. & Heun, M. Conserv Genet (2007) 8: 33. doi:10.1007/s10592-006-9145-6

Abstract

The Hardangervidda in southern Norway, the largest mountain plateau in Europe, has thousands of lakes and streams, mainly between 1000 and 1300 m above sea level, where brown trout is the only fish species. To describe the current genetic diversity of brown trout in this area, a total of 863 fish from 20 lakes were genotyped with eleven microsatellites. Most diversity is within lake populations, but diversity among geographical groups and populations within groups was significant, too. Neighbor-joining, principle coordinate analysis and Bayesian clustering show three major geographic groups in accordance with the river systems. Bias was caused by recent stocking in two lakes. Low/no genetic differentiation among some populations indicates that intermixing is common when lakes are well-connected, as was also shown by assignment test. We recommend preserving the genetic diversity of brown trout in this unique area by managing stocking in lake systems according to genetic structure.

Keywords

Salmo truttaMicrosatelliteConservation geneticsGenetic structureMigration

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jørn Henrik Sønstebø
    • 1
  • Reidar Borgstrøm
    • 1
  • Manfred Heun
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Ecology and Natural Resource ManagementNorwegian University of Life SciencesÅsNorway