Climatic Change

, Volume 95, Issue 3, pp 341–361

Simulating the effects of climate changes on Eastern Eurasia forests


DOI: 10.1007/s10584-009-9568-4

Cite this article as:
Zhang, N., Shugart, H.H. & Yan, X. Climatic Change (2009) 95: 341. doi:10.1007/s10584-009-9568-4


The extensive forests of Eastern Eurasia cover an area of ca. 6 million km2. The FAREAST model, a forest gap model that simulates the stand composition and dynamics of Eastern Eurasian forests under the current climate, was used to simulate the responses of the Eastern Eurasia Forests to the climate change. Two different scenarios of possible future climatic change were obtained from the IPCC (2001) report (CMIP2 and IS92a-GS) and were used as input to the FAREAST model to determine the compositional and structural sensitivity to climate changes for several locations and along montane elevation gradients. The simulation results suggest that, under the influence of the conditions in the two climate-change scenarios, the underlying forest dynamics should be quite different. Further, Eastern Eurasian forests maintain currents forest structure and biomass only within a small range of climate change. Broad-leaved deciduous trees of such genera as Fraxinus, Quercus and Tilia increase their ranges over Eastern Eurasia under the climate-change scenarios. Conifers, such as Larix and Picea, decrease sharply under climate change and the area of their distributions are reduced. The overall biomass of Pinus is not decreased over the region. While the Pinus distribution range shifts, the area associated with the range of the taxa is not changed.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.START Temperate East Asia Regional Research Center (TEA RRC), Institute of Atmospheric PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate School of Environmental StudiesNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA