Climatic Change

, Volume 77, Issue 3, pp 431–448

The Reconstruction of Paleovegetation and Paleoclimate in the Late Pliocene of West Yunnan, China

  • Xiang-Yu Kou
  • David K. Ferguson
  • Jing-Xian Xu
  • Yu-Fei Wang
  • Cheng-Sen Li
Open AccessArticle

DOI: 10.1007/s10584-005-9039-5

Cite this article as:
Kou, XY., Ferguson, D.K., Xu, JX. et al. Climatic Change (2006) 77: 431. doi:10.1007/s10584-005-9039-5

Abstract

The Eryuan palynoflora from the Late Pliocene of western Yunnan, China is described in this paper, and is compared with two contemporary palynofloras from Yangyi and Longling. The palynological data of the three locations are analyzed to reconstruct the climatic parameters of these areas at that time by using the Coexistence Approach. The Late Pliocene climatic parameters of Eryuan are estimated, i.e., the mean annual temperature ranged from 13.3 to 18.6C, the mean temperature of the warmest month from 24.6 to 27.5C, the mean temperature of the coldest month from 1.9 to 12.1C, the difference in temperatures of coldest and warmest month from 14.2 to 16.6C, the mean annual precipitation from 619.9 to 1484.3 mm, the mean maximum monthly precipitation from 143.8 to 245.6 mm, and the mean minimum monthly precipitation from 12.7 to 16.4 mm. Both paleovegetation and paleoclimate of the three localities are compared with the modern data at each location. The present study suggests a MAT decrease accompanied by a doubling of the MAP in the Longling area between the Late Pliocene and the present. This seems to be related to the uplift of Gaoligong Mountain in Longling which is now part of the eastern portion (Western Yunnan) of the Tibetan Plateau.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiang-Yu Kou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 6
  • David K. Ferguson
    • 4
  • Jing-Xian Xu
    • 5
  • Yu-Fei Wang
    • 1
  • Cheng-Sen Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of BotanyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingP.R. China
  2. 2.The State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesXi‘anP.R. China
  3. 3.College of Resources Science and TechnologyBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingP.R. China
  4. 4.Department of PaleontologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  5. 5.Beijing Museum of Natural HistoryBeijingP.R. China
  6. 6.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingP.R. China