Language Resources and Evaluation

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 221-261

First online:

The MATCH corpus: a corpus of older and younger users’ interactions with spoken dialogue systems

  • Kallirroi GeorgilaAffiliated withInstitute for Creative Technologies, University of Southern California Email author 
  • , Maria WoltersAffiliated withHuman Communication Research Centre, University of Edinburgh
  • , Johanna D. MooreAffiliated withHuman Communication Research Centre, University of Edinburgh
  • , Robert H. LogieAffiliated withCentre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh

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We present the MATCH corpus, a unique data set of 447 dialogues in which 26 older and 24 younger adults interact with nine different spoken dialogue systems. The systems varied in the number of options presented and the confirmation strategy used. The corpus also contains information about the users’ cognitive abilities and detailed usability assessments of each dialogue system. The corpus, which was collected using a Wizard-of-Oz methodology, has been fully transcribed and annotated with dialogue acts and “Information State Update” (ISU) representations of dialogue context. Dialogue act and ISU annotations were performed semi-automatically. In addition to describing the corpus collection and annotation, we present a quantitative analysis of the interaction behaviour of older and younger users and discuss further applications of the corpus. We expect that the corpus will provide a key resource for modelling older people’s interaction with spoken dialogue systems.


Spoken dialogue corpora Spoken dialogue systems Cognitive ageing Annotation Information states Speech acts User simulations Speech recognition