Irony in a judicial debate: analyzing the subtleties of irony while testing the subtleties of an annotation scheme
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Irony has been studied by famous scholars across centuries, as well as more recently in cognitive and pragmatic research. The prosodic and visual signals of irony were also studied. Irony is a communicative act in which the Sender’s literal goal is to communicate a meaning x, but through this meaning the Sender has the goal to communicate another meaning, y, which is contrasting, sometimes even opposite, to meaning x. In this case we have an antiphrastic irony. So an ironic act is an indirect speech act, in that its true meaning, the one really intended by the Sender, is not the one communicated by the literal meaning of the communicative act: it must be understood through inferences by the Addressee. The ironic statement may concern an event, object or person, and in this case, the Addressee, or a third person, or even the Sender itself (Self-irony). In this paper we define irony in terms of a goal and belief view of communication, and show how the annotation scheme, the Anvil-Score, and illustrate aspects of its expressive power by applying it to a particular case: ironic communication in a judicial debate.
- Anolli, L., Infantino, M.G., Ciceri, R. “Your’re a real genius!”: Irony as a miscommunication design. In: Anolli, L., Ciceri, R., Riva, G. eds. (2002) Say not to say. IOS Press, Amsterdam
- Argyle, M., Cook, M. (1976) Gaze and mutual gaze. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
- Aristotele (1973). Retorica. Bari: Laterza.
- Attardo, S. (2000) Irony markers and functions: Towards a goal-oriented theory of irony and its processing. Rask. International Tidsskrift for Sprog og Kommunication 12: pp. 3-20
- Attardo, S., Eisterhold, J., Hay, J., Poggi, I. (2003) Multimodal markers of irony and sarcasm. Humor. International Journal of Humor Research 16: pp. 243-260 CrossRef
- PRAAT, a system for doing phonetics by computer. Glot International 5: pp. 341-345
- Booth, W. C. (1974) A rhetoric of irony. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago
- Buisine, S., Abrilian, S., Niewiadomski, R., Martin, J.-C., Devillers, L., & Pelachaud, C. (2006). Perception of blended emotions: From video corpus to expressive agent. In The 6th International Conference on Intelligent Virtual Agents, Marina del Rey, USA, August (2006)
- Castelfranchi, C., Poggi, I. (1998) Bugie, finzioni, sotterfugi. Per una scienza dell’inganno. Carocci editore, Roma
- Conte, R., Castelfranchi, C. (1995) Cognitive and social action. University College, London
- Fontanier, P. (1827–1830). Les Figures du Discours. Paris: Belin-Le Prieur.
- Giuliani, M.V., Orletti, F. Aspetti dell’ironia linguistica. In: Mosconi, G., D’Urso, V. eds. (1977) Psicologia e retorica. Il Mulino, Bologna
- Grice, , H., P. Logic and conversation. In: Cole, P., Morgan, J.L. eds. (1975) Syntax and semantics, Vol. III, Speech acts. Academic Press, New York, pp. 41-58
- Kerbrat-Orecchioni, C. (1976) Problématique de l'isotopie. Linguistique et Sémiologie 2: pp. 10-46
- Kerbrat Orecchioni, C. (1980) L’ironie comme trope. Poétique 41: pp. 108-127
- Kipp, M. (2001). From human gesture to synthetic action. In C. Pelachaud & I. Poggi (Eds.), Multimodal communication and context in embodied agents. In Proceedings of the Workshop W7 at the 5th International Conference on Autonomous Agents, Montreal, Canada, 9–14.
- Magno Caldognetto, E., Poggi, I., Cosi, P., Cavicchio, F., & Merola, G. (2004). Multimodal score: An ANVIL based annotation scheme for multimodal audio-video analysis. In Workshop on Multimodal Corpora LREC 2004. Centro Cultural de Belem, Lisboa, Portugal, 25th may 2004.
- Martin, J. C. (2006). Multimodal human–computer interfaces and individual differences. Perception, representation and generation of situated multimodal behaviours. Habilitation Report, Paris 11 University.
- Poggi, I. (2007) Mind, hands, face and body. A goal and belief view of multimodal communication. J. Weidler, Berlin
- Poggi, I., & Magno Caldognetto, E. (1996). A score for the analysis of gesture in multimodal communication. In L. Messing (Ed.), Proceedings of the Workshop on the Integration of Gesture in Speech (pp. 235–244). Newark and Wilmington: Applied Science and Engineering Labs.
- Searle, J.R. (1969) Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
- Sperber, D., Wilson, D. (1992) On verbal irony. Lingua 87: pp. 53-76 CrossRef
- Vincent, J., Castelfranchi, C. On the art of deception: How to lie while saying the truth. In: Parret, H., Sbisa’, M., Verschueren, J. eds. (1981) Possibilities and limitations of pragmatics. John Benjamins, Amsterdam, pp. 749-778
- Irony in a judicial debate: analyzing the subtleties of irony while testing the subtleties of an annotation scheme
Language Resources and Evaluation
Volume 41, Issue 3-4 , pp 215-232
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- Goals and beliefs communication
- Multimodal communication
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Educazione, Università di Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
- 2. CIMeC, Università di Trento, Corso Bettini 31, Rovereto, 36038, Italy
- 3. ISTC CNR Sezione Territoriale di Padova, Padova, Italy