Evidence-Based Assessment of Compulsive Skin Picking, Chronic Tic Disorders and Trichotillomania in Children
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- McGuire, J.F., Kugler, B.B., Park, J.M. et al. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev (2012) 43: 855. doi:10.1007/s10578-012-0300-7
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Body-focused repetitive behavior (BFRB) is an umbrella term for debilitating, repetitive behaviors that target one or more body regions. Despite regularly occurring in youth, there has been limited investigation of BFRBs in pediatric populations. One reason for this may be that there are few reliable and valid assessments available to evaluate the presence, severity and impairment of BFRBs in youth. Given the shift toward evidence-based assessment in mental health, the development and utilization of evidence-based measures of BFRBs warrants increasing attention. This paper examines the available evidence-base for assessments in youth across three BFRB-related disorders: compulsive skin picking, chronic tic disorders and trichotillomania. Based upon present empirical support in samples of youth, recommendations are made for an evidence-based assessment of each condition.