Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 255–265

Death Receptor 5 and Neuroproliferation

  • Yanli Niu
  • Yongqiang Li
  • Jianfeng Zang
  • Hongen Huang
  • Jiexin Deng
  • Zhanjun Cui
  • Dongming Yu
  • Jinbo Deng
Original Research

DOI: 10.1007/s10571-011-9757-3

Cite this article as:
Niu, Y., Li, Y., Zang, J. et al. Cell Mol Neurobiol (2012) 32: 255. doi:10.1007/s10571-011-9757-3

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand or Apo2 ligand is a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily of cytokines that induces apoptosis upon binding to its death domain-containing transmembrane receptors, death receptors 4 and 5 (DR4, DR5). However, DR5 is also expressed in the developing CNS where it appears to play a role unrelated to apoptosis, and instead may be involved in the regulation of neurogenesis. We report on the distribution of DR5 expression in mouse hippocampus, cerebellum, and rostral migratory stream (RMS) of olfactory bulb from embryonic (E) day 16 (E16) to postnatal (P) day (P180). At E16, DR5-positive cells were distributed widely in embryonic hippocampus with strong immunostaining in the developing dentate gyrus. In newborn hippocampus, DR5-positive cells were predominantly located in proliferative zones, such as dentate gyrus, subventricular zone, and RMS. After postnatal day 7 (P7), the number of DR5-positive cells decreased, and cells with intense fluorescence were primarily restricted to the subgranular layer (SGL), although the granular cell layer showed weak fluorescence. After P30, only few DR5-positive cells were found in SGL, and mature granule cells were negative for DR5 expression. To address whether DR5 expression is a restricted to progenitor cells and newborn neurons, we performed 5-bromo-deoxyuridine labeling. We report that proliferative cells in the SGL selectively express DR5, with lower levels of expression in cells positive for doublecortin, a marker of newborn neurons. In addition, the stem cells in intestine, cerebellum, and RMS were also demonstrated to be DR5-positive. In the meantime, in cerebellum, DR5-positive cells were also positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein, a marker of proliferative Bergmann cells. We conclude that DR5 is selectively expressed by neuroprogenitor cells and newborn neurons, suggesting that the DR5 death receptor is likely to play a key role in neuroproliferation and differentiation.

Keywords

BrdUCerebellumDentate gyrusDevelopmentDR5Neurogenesis

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanli Niu
    • 1
  • Yongqiang Li
    • 1
  • Jianfeng Zang
    • 1
  • Hongen Huang
    • 2
  • Jiexin Deng
    • 1
  • Zhanjun Cui
    • 1
  • Dongming Yu
    • 1
  • Jinbo Deng
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Neurobiology, College of Life ScienceHenan UniversityKaifengPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jiujiang Traditional HospitalJiujiangChina