Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 949–959

Brain Tumor Microvesicles: Insights into Intercellular Communication in the Nervous System

Authors

  • Kristan E. van der Vos
    • Department of Neurology
    • Department of RadiologyMassachusetts General Hospital
    • Neuroscience ProgramHarvard Medical School
  • Leonora Balaj
    • Department of Neurology
    • Department of RadiologyMassachusetts General Hospital
    • Neuroscience ProgramHarvard Medical School
  • Johan Skog
    • Department of Neurology
    • Department of RadiologyMassachusetts General Hospital
    • Neuroscience ProgramHarvard Medical School
    • Exosome Diagnostics, Inc
    • Department of Neurology
    • Department of RadiologyMassachusetts General Hospital
    • Neuroscience ProgramHarvard Medical School
    • Molecular Neurogenetics UnitMassachusetts General Hospital-East
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10571-011-9697-y

Cite this article as:
van der Vos, K.E., Balaj, L., Skog, J. et al. Cell Mol Neurobiol (2011) 31: 949. doi:10.1007/s10571-011-9697-y

Abstract

Brain tumors are heterogeneous tumors composed of differentiated tumor cells that resemble various neural cells and a small number of multipotent cancer stem cells. These tumors modify normal cells in their environment to promote tumor growth, invasion and metastases by various ways. Recent publications show that glioblastoma cells release microvesicles that contain a select subset of cellular proteins and RNAs. These microvesicles are avidly taken up by normal cells in cell culture and can change the translational profile of these cells through delivery of tumor-derived mRNAs, which are translated into functional proteins. In addition to mRNA and proteins, microvesicles have been shown to contain microRNAs, non-coding RNAs and DNA. This commentary explores the recent advances in this novel intercellular communication route and discusses the potential physiological role of microvesicles in brain tumorigenesis.

Keywords

MicrovesiclesGlioblastomaBiomarkersGene transferTumor microenvironmentNon-coding RNAsRetrotransposonsMicroRNAs

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011