, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp 909-916

Neurotrophin-4 (Ntf4) Mediates Neurogenesis in Mouse Embryonic Neural Stem Cells Through the Inhibition of the Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription-3 (Stat3) and the Modulation of the Activity of Protein Kinase B

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The effect of neurotrophin-4 (Ntf4) on mouse embryonic (day-14) neural stem cell (mE14-NSC) fate determination and the mechanisms involved were investigated. Using primary mE14-NSCs, immunocytochemistry and molecular-cell biological methods, such as Western-blotting, we characterized the effect of Ntf4 on mE14-NSC differentiation. Obtained in-vitro data revealed an interesting phenomenon of Ntf4 action resulting in enhanced mE14-NSC commitment to progenitor cells of the neuronal lineage. During this process, Ntf4 suppresses the interleukin 6 (Il6) family receptor and the Notch signalling pathways by modulating their specific receptor cleavages. The observed lineage commitment is controlled via an Ntf4-mediated modulation of protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) activity and characterized by a decreased Stat3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription-3) phosphorylation status. These findings suggest that the Ntf4-activated signalling cascade is responsible for initiating a concert among sheddases, kinases, and phosphatases to mediate neurogenesis.