Cellulose

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 629–639

Surface chemical analysis of raw cotton fibres and associated materials

Authors

  • R. Mitchell
    • CSMA Ltd
    • Textiles & Paper, School of MaterialsThe University of Manchester
  • M. Parfitt
    • School of Chemical Engineering & Analytical SciencesThe University of Manchester
  • J. C. Vickerman
    • School of Chemical Engineering & Analytical SciencesThe University of Manchester
  • C. Jones
    • Unilever ResearchPort Sunlight Lab
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10570-005-9000-9

Cite this article as:
Mitchell, R., Carr, C.M., Parfitt, M. et al. Cellulose (2005) 12: 629. doi:10.1007/s10570-005-9000-9

Abstract

The surface chemical composition of raw unscoured cotton was successfully investigated by the surface analytical techniques X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) and Time of Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). The presence of non-cellulosic material at the fibre surface was established and determined to be a complex mixture of fatty acids, alcohols, alkanes, esters and glycerides. The effect of scouring and bleaching was to reduce the surface concentration of these materials but even after aqueous processing some non-cellulosic material residue was still detected at the fibre surface.

Keywords

CottonCelluloseSurface analysisTime of Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS)Textile processingX-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS).

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005