Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 287-308

First online:

Transitional Youth Services: Practice Implications from a Systematic Review

  • Toni NaccaratoAffiliated withUniversity at Albany School of Social Welfare Email author 
  • , Emily DeLorenzoAffiliated withUniversity at Albany School of Social Welfare

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Independent living programs have emerged as the primary intervention to address the needs of foster youth transitioning out of care. Prior reviews of independent living programs have focused on implications for research and policy, but not on direct practice. In order to create effective independent living programs, direct service workers must be provided with concrete practice guidelines for providing effective independent living services. This article summarizes 19 studies on independent living and provides evidence-based implications for each in an effort to begin to fill the gap between research, policy and practice.


Independent living services Life skills Older foster youth Transitional living Aging out of foster care