, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 33-40,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 13 Mar 2010

Effects of Eprosartan on Diastolic Function and Neurohormones in Patients with Hypertension and Diastolic Dysfunction

Abstract

Objective

To compare the effects of an angiotensin receptor blocker(ARB)-based regimen versus a non-ARB based regimen on diastolic function and neurohormones in patients with hypertension and diastolic dysfunction.

Methods

97 patients with a systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg, a left ventricular ejection fraction >0.50, and echocardiographic evidence of diastolic dysfunction were randomly assignment to open-label treatment with eprosartan (with other anti-hypertensives; n = 47) or other anti-hypertensives alone (n = 50). Echocardiography, including tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), and neurohormones were done at baseline and after 6 months.

Results

Mean age was 65 (±10) years and 64% was female. During 6 months of treatment, SBP decreased from 157 ± 16 to 145 ± 18 mmHg in the eprosartan group and from 158 ± 17 to 141 ± 18 mmHg in the control group (both p < 0.001; p = ns between groups). Diastolic function was unaffected in both groups and there was no correlation between changes in SBP and changes in mean TDI (r = −0.06; p = 0.58). Aldosterone levels decreased in the eprosartan group, but other neurohormones remained largely unchanged. Change in SBP was however related to the change in NT-proBNP (r = 0.26; p = 0.019).

Conclusion

Lowering blood pressure, either with eprosartan or other anti-hypertensives in hypertensive patients with diastolic dysfunction did not change diastolic function after 6 months of treatment, but was associated with a decrease of NT-proBNP.