, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 197-201

The HOPE TIPS: The HOPE Study Translated into Practices

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Abstract

The HOPE TIPS study assessed the practicality and tolerability of ramipril titration to a target dose of 10 mg (as achieved in definitive efficacy studies) in a clinical practice setting. 3881 patients at high cardiovascular risk (HOPE study criteria) were recruited in primary and specialist care settings in 9 countries by 439 investigators. Dose titration of ramipril from 2.5 mg to 10 mg daily took place over 9–12 weeks. The mean age of the patients was 64 years, 60% were male and 79% Asian. The target dosage of 10 mg daily was reached in 73% of patients with 96% of patients achieving 5 mg or 10 mg daily. During the study period uncontrolled hypertension (> 160/90) was recorded in 15% of patients, myocardial infarction or unstable angina 1.6%, heart failure 0.4%, new diabetes 0.6%. Only 9.8% of patients discontinued treatment with 5.9% attributed to treatment side-effects and 4% related to cough. The large majority of patients in a wide range of clinical practice settings with high cardiovascular risk can be treated with ramipril titrated to 10 mg daily with good tolerability.

on behalf of the international HOPE TIPS investigators