, Volume 25, Issue 8, pp 827-836
Date: 07 Aug 2009

High resolution magnetic resonance imaging in atherosclerotic mice treated with ezetimibe

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Abstract

High field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed to investigate the long-term effect of ezetimibe (eze), a cholesterol resorption blocker, on atherosclerotic lesion formation in the thoracic aorta of apolipoprotein E-deficient mice (apoE −/− ) in comparison to wild type mice (WT). Fifteen-month-old apoE −/− (Western type diet), apoE −/−eze (Western type diet with eze) which received eze (5 mc/kg/day) continuously, and age-matched WT (normal chow) were studied using contrast-enhanced 3D turbo-spin-echo sequences (RARE factor 2) on a 7 Tesla scanner. Vessel parameters were analyzed in the aortic root (AR) and aortic arch (AA) and compared to those found in histology. Plasma cholesterol levels were reduced at 15 months by 71% (P < 0.01) in apoE −/−eze compared to apoE −/− . Vessel wall thickness was increased in the AR and AA in apoE −/− by 189.1 and 147.2%, respectively compared to WT. ApoE −/−eze showed reduced wall thickness in the AR (127.4%) and AA (102.8%, both P < 0.05 vs. apoE −/− ). A significant increase in total aortic vessel area was determined in the AR and AA in apoE −/− by 134.7 and 118.3%, respectively, compared to WT. This effect was inhibited in apoE −/−eze (AR: 126.7%, AA: 86.4%, both P < 0.05). Histological analysis confirmed the effect of eze observed by MRI and demonstrated a significant correlation between the two techniques (P < 0.001). MRI demonstrates that ezetimibe significantly reduces atherosclerotic disease in apoE −/− . MRI is therefore a useful technique to perform in vivo interventional studies in experimental atherosclerosis.