Date: 04 Nov 2006

The benefit of 64-MDCT prior to invasive coronary angiography in symptomatic post-CABG patients

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of 64-MDCT in symptomatic patients after CABG and to explore the advantages of the 64-MDCT results on the CAG procedure.

Material and methods

From December 2004 until August 2005, 34 post-CABG patients (29 men, mean age 63.5 ± 8.5 years) with 69 coronary artery bypass grafts were scanned on a 64-MDCT (Somatom Sensation 64, Siemens AG, Forchheim, Germany) prior to CAG. Angiograms and 64-MDCT images were evaluated for the existence of occlusions or significant stenosis (≥50% lumen reduction) in bypass grafts and native coronary arteries.

Results

64-MDCT had a sensitivity, a specificity, and a diagnostic accuracy of 100% for occlusion detection. For stenosis detection, sensitivity was 100%, specificity 98.7% and diagnostic accuracy 98.7%. For detecting significant stenosis in native coronary arteries, 64-MDCT had a sensitivity of 80.0%, specificity of 90.8%, and a diagnostic accuracy of 87.1%.

Seventeen patients (50.0%) did not need invasive treatment, 14 patients (41.2%) underwent a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and 3 patients (8.8%) underwent surgery. Treatment advice based on 64-MDCT was correct in 88.2% of patients and when 64-MDCT results would have been known 58.8% of diagnostic CAG procedures could have been prevented.

Conclusion

In conclusion, 64-MDCT has a high diagnostic accuracy in detecting bypass graft stenosis and occlusions, and 64-MDCT based treatment advice was correct in 88.2% of patients.