Cancer Causes & Control

, Volume 23, Supplement 1, pp 109–115

Secondhand smoke exposure at home in rural China

  • Tingting Yao
  • Hai-Yen Sung
  • Zhengzhong Mao
  • Teh-wei Hu
  • Wendy Max
Original paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10552-012-9900-6

Cite this article as:
Yao, T., Sung, H., Mao, Z. et al. Cancer Causes Control (2012) 23: 109. doi:10.1007/s10552-012-9900-6

Abstract

Purpose

This study estimated secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure at home among nonsmoking children (age 0–18) and adults (age ≥ 19) in rural China, and examined associated socio-demographic factors.

Methods

A total of 5,442 nonsmokers (including 1,456 children and 3,986 adults) living in six rural areas in China were interviewed in person. The standardized questionnaire obtained information on their demographic characteristics and SHS exposure at home. Differences in SHS exposure were assessed by use of the chi-squared test. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the associated factors.

Results

Occurrence of SHS exposure at home among nonsmoking children and adults was 68.0 and 59.3%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis found that children living in households with married, low-education, and low-income heads of household, and those who resided in the Qinghai province of China were more likely to be exposed to SHS. Among adults, those who were female, aged 19–34, single, low-education, and low-income, and those who lived in Qinghai province were more likely to be exposed to SHS at home.

Conclusions

Our findings of substantial SHS exposure at home in rural China emphasize the importance of implementing interventions to reduce SHS exposure among this population.

Keywords

Secondhand smokeRuralHomeChina

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tingting Yao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hai-Yen Sung
    • 3
  • Zhengzhong Mao
    • 2
  • Teh-wei Hu
    • 4
    • 5
  • Wendy Max
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Tobacco Control Research and EducationUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Huaxi School of Public HealthSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.Institute for Health and AgingUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.Center for International Tobacco ControlPublic Health InstituteOaklandUSA
  5. 5.School of Public HealthUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA