, Volume 23, Issue 8, pp 1279-1288
Date: 07 Jun 2012

Gastrectomy and risk of pancreatic cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

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To investigate the association between gastrectomy and risk of pancreatic cancer (PaC).


We identified eligible studies in Medline and EMBASE up to 11 February 2012 and the reference lists of original studies and review articles on this topic. Summary relative risks with their 95 % confidence intervals were calculated with a random-effects model. Between-study heterogeneity was assessed using Cochran Q and I 2 statistics.


Fifteen studies (11 case–control studies and 4 cohort studies) met eligibility criteria. The current data suggest that gastrectomy is associated with a 54 % excess risk of PaC (SRRs = 1.54; 95 % CI, 1.25–1.90; test for heterogeneity Q = 17.94, p < 0.001, I 2 = 22 %). There was no publication bias in the present meta-analysis.


A significant increased risk of PaC exists in patients who have undergone gastrectomy, particularly those receiving Billroth II resection with a long postoperative interval.

Yuanfeng Gong and Quanbo Zhou contributed equally to this study and should share first authorship together.