Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 98, Supplement 1, pp 101–113

Exploring the Interface Between Strategy-Making and Responsible Leadership


DOI: 10.1007/s10551-011-1024-5

Cite this article as:
Maritz, R., Pretorius, M. & Plant, K. J Bus Ethics (2011) 98: 101. doi:10.1007/s10551-011-1024-5


This article explores strategy-making modes within organisations. The implications of certain strategy-making modes for the responsible leader as an architect or change agent are highlighted. The study on which this article is based, showed that the use of emergent strategy-making is as prevalent as the use of deliberate strategy-making. This article reports on the thinking of organisational leaders, managers and non-managers regarding strategy-making processes and records empirical findings from mixed method research. It was found that emergent strategy-making is associated with quick response and adaptation to environmental changes, more autonomous decisions and actions, less control and higher intangibility whereas the deliberate strategy is known for its clear objectives, articulated vision and direction and specific ends and means. It is recommended that organisational leaders should take cognisance of the growing use of emergent strategy-making as well as its characteristics in facilitating effective governance. A knowledge and understanding of these characteristics of strategy-making modes should be sought to serve as guideline for organisational leaders who want to be responsive and responsible in all their actions areas for future research.


Responsible leadershipCorporate governanceStrategy-making modesDeliberate strategyEmergent strategy

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business Management, Faculty of Economic and Management SciencesUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Auditing, Faculty of Economic and Management SciencesUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa