Convergence Versus Divergence of CSR in Developing Countries: An Embedded Multi-Layered Institutional Lens
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
This paper capitalizes on an institutional perspective to analyze corporate social responsibility (CSR) orientations in the Lebanese context. Specifically, the paper compiles a new theoretical framework drawing on a multi-level model of institutional flows by Scott (Institutions and organizations: ideas and interests, 2008) and the explicit/implicit CSR model by Matten and Moon (Acad Manag Rev 33(2):404–424, 2008). This new theoretical framework is then used to explore the CSR convergence versus divergence question in a developing country context. The findings highlight the usefulness of the compiled multi-layered institutional framework and the varied nuances and profound insights it offers in analyzing CSR in context. They also suggest that a cosmetic level of global convergence in explicit CSR may materialize in light of mimetic isomorphic pressures, but that the path dependence hypothesis is indeed salient in light of national history trajectories and socio-politico configurations. The findings correspond most closely to patterns of CSR crossvergence, combining elements of both convergence and divergence, and reflecting in complex hybridized CSR expressions. The findings and their implications are presented and assessed.
- Amaeshi, K., Adi, B., Ogbechie, C. and Amao, O. (2006). CSR In Nigeria: Western Mimicry or Indigenous Influences? The Journal of Corporate Citizenship, Vol. 24, pp. 83-99.
- American Lebanese Chamber of Commerce (AmCham Lebanon) on Line Newsletter, www.amcham.org.lb.
- Blowfield, M. (2005). Corporate Social Responsibility: Reinventing the Meaning of Development? International Affairs, Vol. 81, No. 3, pp. 515-524. CrossRef
- Brammer, S., Pavelin, S. and Porter, L. (2006). Corporate Social Performance and Geographical Diversification. Journal of Business Research, Vol. 59, pp. 1025-1034. CrossRef
- Campbell, J. (2007). Why Would Corporations Behave In Socially Responsible Ways: An Institutional Theory of Corporate Social Responsibility. Academy of Management Review, Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 946-967. CrossRef
- Chandler, A. D. (1962). Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of the Industrial Enterprise. M.I.T. Press, Cambridge.
- Davis, G. and Marquis, C. (2005). Prospects for Organization Theory in the early Twenty-First Century: Institutional Fields and Mechanisms. Organization Science, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 332-343. CrossRef
- De Mooij, M. (2004). Consumer Bahavior and Culture: Consequences for Global Marketing and Advertising. Sage, Thousand Oaks.
- DiMaggio, P. and Powell, W. (1983). The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields. American Sociological Review, Vol. 48, pp. 147-160. CrossRef
- Economist Intelligence Unit: 2007, Country Profile 2007 – Lebanon (The Economist Intelligence Unit, London).
- European Commission: 2002, Corporate Social Responsibility: A Business Contribution to Sustainable Development (Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg) [Online], http://ew.eea.europa.eu/Industry/Reporting/cec__corporate_responsibility/com2001_0366en01.pdf. Accessed 8 Jan 2009.
- Frynas, J. G. (2005). The False Development Promise of CSR: Evidence from Multinational Oil Companies. International Affairs, Vol. 81, No. 3, pp. 581-598. CrossRef
- Fukuyama, F. (1992). The End of History and the Last Man. Free Press.
- Gat, A.: 2007, ‘The End of the End of History’, Foreign Affairs, July/August 2007.
- Glaser, B. and Strauss, A. (1967). Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago: Aldine.
- Greenwood, R. and Hinings, C. (1996). Understanding Radical Organizational Change: Bringing Together the Old and the New Institutionalism. The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 1022-1054.
- Hall, P. A. and Soskice, D. (2001). Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
- Jamali, D. (2006). Insights into Triple Bottom Line Integration From A Learning Organization Perspective. Business Process Management Journal, Vol. 12, No. 6, pp. 809-821. CrossRef
- Jamali, D. (2007). The Case for Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility in Developing Countries. Business and Society Review, Vol. 112, No. 1, pp. 1-27. CrossRef
- Jamali, D. (2010). MNCs and International Accountability Standards Through An Institutional Lends: Evidence of Symbolic Conformity or Decoupling, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 95, No. 4, pp. 617-640. CrossRef
- Jamali, D. and Mirshak, R. (2007). Corporate Social Responsibility: Theory and Practice in a Developing Country Context. Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 72, pp. 243-262. CrossRef
- Jamali, D., Safieddine, A. and Rabbath, M. (2008). Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility: Synergies and Inter-Relationships. Corporate Governance: An International Review, Vol. 16, No. 5, pp. 443-459. CrossRef
- Jamali D., Sidani Y., and Safieddine A. (2005). Constraints Facing Working Women in Lebanon: An Insider View. Women in Management Review, Vol. 20, No. 8, pp. 581-594. CrossRef
- Jamali D., Zanhour, M. and Keshishian, T. (2009). Peculiar Strengths and Relational Attributes of SMEs in the Context of CSR. Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 87, No. 3, pp. 355-367. CrossRef
- Kostova, T. and Roth, K. (2002). Adoption of an Organizational Practice by Subsidiaries of Multinational Corporations: Institutional and Relational Effects. The Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 215-233. CrossRef
- Kotler, P., and Lee, N. (2005). Corporate Social Responsibility – Doing the Most Good for Your Company and Your Cause. Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons.
- Kraatz, M. and Block, E. (2008). Organizational Implications of Institutional Pluralism. In The Sage Handbook for Organizational Institutionalism (Greenwood, R., Oliver, C., Suddaby, R. and Sahlin, K. Eds). Sage Publications, Ltd, pp. 243-275.
- Levitt, T. (1983). The Globalization of Markets. Harvard Business Review, Vol. 61, No. 3, pp. 92-102.
- Lounsbury, M. (2001). Institutional Transformation and Status Mobility: The Professionalization of the Field of Finance. Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 255-266. CrossRef
- Lund-Thomsen, P. (2004). Towards a Critical Framework on Corporate Social and Environmental Responsibility in the South: The Case of Pakistan. Development, Vol. 47, No. 3, pp. 106-113. CrossRef
- Margolis, J. and Walsh, J. (2003). Misery Loves Companies: Rethinking Social Initiatives by Business. Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 48, pp. 268-305. CrossRef
- Marquis, C., Glynn, M. and Davis, G. (2007). Community Isomorphism and Corporate Social Action. Academy of Management Review, Vol. 32, No. 3, pp. 925-945. CrossRef
- Matten, D. and Crane, A. (2005). Corporate Citizenship: Toward an Extended Theoretical Conceptualisation. Academy of Management Review, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 166-179. CrossRef
- Matten, D. and Moon, J. (2008). Implicit and Explicit CSR: A Conceptual Framework for a Comparative Understanding of Corporate Social Responsibility. The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 404-424. CrossRef
- McAdam, D. and Scott, R. (2005). Organizations and Movements. In Social Movements and Organization Theory (G. Davis, D. McAdam, W. R. Scott, and M. N. Zald, Eds), Cambridge University Press, New York, pp. 4-40. CrossRef
- Meyer, K. (2004). Perspectives on Multinational Enterprises in Emerging Economies. Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 259-276. CrossRef
- Oliver, C. (1991). Strategic Responses to Institutional Processes. The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 145-179.
- Patton, M., Q. (2002) Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods, 3rd edition, London: Sage.
- Perrow, C. (1979). Complex Organizations: A Critical Essay (2nd Edition). New York: Random House.
- Ralston, D. A. (2008). The Crossvergence Perspective: Reflections and Projections. Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 27-40. CrossRef
- Ralston, D., Pounder, J., Lo. C., Wong, Y., Egri, C. and Stauffer, J. (2006). Stability and Change in Managerial Work Values: A Longitudinal Study of China, Hong Kong and the US. Management and Organization Review, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 67-94. CrossRef
- Ritzer, G. (2004). The McDonaldization of Society: Revised New Century Edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.
- Schneiberg, M. and Clemens, E. (2006). The Typical Tools for the Job: Research Strategies in Institutional Analysis. Sociological Theory, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 195-227. CrossRef
- Scott, W. R. (1994). Conceptualizing Organizational Fields: Linking Organizations and Societal Systems. In: Derlien, H., Gerhardt, U., Scharpf, F. (Eds) Systems Rationality and Partial Interests. Nomos-Verlag, Germany, pp 203-221.
- Scott, W. R. (2008). Institutions and Organizations: Ideas and Interests. Sage. Thousand Oaks, California.
- Sidani, Y. (2002), Management In Lebanon. In Malcolm Warner (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Business and Management, Second Edition, Thomson Learning, pp. 3797-3802.
- Snider, J., Hill, R.P. and Martin, D. (2003). Corporate Social Responsibility in the 21st Century: A View from the World’s Most Successful Firms. Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 48, pp. 175-187. CrossRef
- UK Institute of Directors: 2002, ‘A Guide to Corporate Social Responsibility’, www.6.miami.edu/ethics/pdf_files/csr_guide.pdf, pp. 1–12.
- Visser, W. (2008). Corporate Social Responsibility in Developing Countries, in The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility (Crane, A., McWilliams, A., Matten, D., Moon, J. and Siegel, D. Eds), Oxford University Press, pp. 473-503. CrossRef
- Waddock, S. (2008). Building a New Institutional Infrastructure for Corporate Responsibility. Academy of Management Perspectives, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 87-108. CrossRef
- Whitley, R. D. (1994). Dominant Form of Economic Organization in Market Economies. Organization Studies, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 153–182. CrossRef
- Wooten, M., and Hoffman, A. (2008). Organizational Fields: Past, Present and Future. In The Sage Handbook for Organizational Institutionalism (Greenwood, R., Oliver, C., Suddaby, R. and Sahlin, K. Eds). Sage Publications, Ltd, pp. 130-147.
- World Bank (2005). The Status and Progress of Women in the Middle East and North Africa. World Bank Middle East and North Africa Socio-Economic Development Group, Washington.
- Convergence Versus Divergence of CSR in Developing Countries: An Embedded Multi-Layered Institutional Lens
Journal of Business Ethics
Volume 102, Issue 4 , pp 599-621
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
- Additional Links
- corporate social responsibility (CSR)
- institutional theory
- multinational corporations (MNCs)
- small and medium enterprises (SMEs)
- developing countries
- Industry Sectors