Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 102, Issue 1, pp 135–153

Buy, Lie, or Die: An Investigation of Chinese ST Firms’ Voluntary Interim Audit Motive and Auditor Independence

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10551-011-0804-2

Cite this article as:
Chu, A.G.H., Du, X. & Jiang, G. J Bus Ethics (2011) 102: 135. doi:10.1007/s10551-011-0804-2

Abstract

In the Chinese stock market, special treatment (ST) firms are the firms listed as facing imminent danger of delisting, unless they return to profitability after reporting two consecutive annual losses. Some ST firms voluntarily pay substantial fees to their external auditors to conduct interim audits, which are not required by regulations. In this study, we investigate and find that ST firms that pay for voluntary interim audits report greater discretionary accrued earnings, higher non-operating earnings, and higher returns on assets in ensuing annual reports. As a result, these firms are more likely to return to profitability and reduce their delisting risk. Our results, which contribute to the current debate on auditor independence, appear to be consistent with the possibility that ST firms “buy” external auditors’ cooperation to manipulate earnings when faced with the threat of delisting.

Keywords

business ethicsauditor independencevoluntary interim auditearnings manipulationspecial treatmentdelistingChina

Abbreviations

ST

Special treatment

NAS

Non-audit services

CSRC

China Securities Regulatory Commission

ACCR

Total accruals

DAC

Discretionary accruals

NDAC

Non-discretionary accruals

TA

Total assets

REV

Revenues

REC

Accounts receivable

PPE

Property, plants, and equipment

VIA

Voluntary interim audit

LEV

Firm leverage

ROA

Return on assets

S-TYPE

Type of controlling shareholders, state or non-state

BLOCK

Percentage of shares owned by controlling shareholder

MKT

An index of investor protection

Big-10

An auditor associated with one of the ten largest accounting firms in China

NOPEX

Non-operating earnings

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Antai College of Economics and ManagementShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.School of ManagementXiamen UniversityFujianChina
  3. 3.Guanghua School of ManagementPeking UniversityBeijingChina