Adam, M.A. and D. Rachman-Moore: 2004, ‹The Methods Used to Implement and Ethical Code of Conduct and Employee Attitudes,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Aldama, E.: 2003, ‹Report by the Special Commission to Foster Transparency and Security in Markets and in Listed Companies’, Special Report, Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores (http://www.cnmv.es
), Madrid, Spain
Allen, J. and D. Davis: 1993, ‹Assessing Some Determinant Effects of Ethical Consulting Behavior: The Case of Personal and Professional,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Argandoña, A.: 1998, ‹The Stakeholder Theory and the Common Good,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Arjoon, S.: 2005, ‹Corporate Governance: An Ethical Perspective,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) Corporate Governance Council: 2003, Principles of Good Corporate Governance and Best Practice Recommendations (Sydney: Australian Stock Exchange).
Berenbeim, R.: 2000, ‹Global Ethics,’ Executive Excellence
17 (5), 7.
Berenbeim, R. E. and J. M. Kaplan: 2004, Ethics Programs… The Role of the Board: A Global Study (Report R-1344, The Conference Board)
Bernardi, R.A., S.M. Bosco and K.M. Vassil: 2006, ‹Does female representation on boards of director associate with Fortune’s 100 Best Companies to work for list?,’ Business and Society
Bondy, K., D. Matten. and J. Moon: 2004, ‹The Adoption of Voluntary Codes of Conduct in MNCs: A Three-Country Comparative Study,’ Business and Society Review
Bonn, I. and J. Fisher: 2005, ‹Corporate Governance and Business Ethics: Insights from the Strategic Planning Experience,’ Corporate Governance: An International Review
Boo, E.H. and H.C. Koh: 2001, ‹The influence of organizational and code-supporting variables on the effectiveness of a code of ethics,’ Teaching Business Ethics
Brickley, J., R. Lease and C. Smith: 1988, ‹Ownership structure and voting on antitakeover amendments,’ Journal of Financial Economics
Brown, W. O. and M. T. Maloney: 1999, Exit, Voice, and the Role of Corporate Directors: Evidence from Acquisition Performance (Claremont Colleges Working Paper)
Carasco, E.F. and J.B. Singh: 2003, ‹The Content and Focus of the Codes of Ethics of the World’s Largest Transnational Corporations,’ Business and Society Review
Carroll, A. B.: 1991, ‹The Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility: Towards the Moral Management of Organizational Stakeholders’,’ Business and Society 34 (4), 39–48.
Carter, D.A., Simkins, B.J. and Simpson, W. G.: 2003, ‹Corporate Governance, Board Diversity and Firm Value, ‹ The Financial Review
38, 33–53. CrossRef
Cleek, M.A. and S.L. Leonard: 1998, ‹Can Corporate Codes Ethics Influence Behavior?,’ Journal of Business Ethics
17 (6), 619–630.
Cressey, D. and C.A. Moore: 1983, ‹Managerial Values and Corporate Codes of Ethics,’ California Management Review
25 (53), 53–57.
Cuervo, A.: 2002, ‹Corporate Governance Mechanisms: A Plea for Less Code of Good Governance and More Market Control,’ Corporate Governance
Deegan, C., M. Rankin and J. Tobin: 2002, ‹An Examination of the Corporate Social and Environmental Disclosures of BHP from 1983–1997: A Test of Legitimacy Theory,’ Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal
Dillard, J. and K. Yuthas: 2002, ‹Ethical Audit Decision: A Structuration Perspective,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Enderle, G.: 1996, ‹FOCUS: A Comparison of Business Ethics in North America and Continental Europe,’ Business Ethics: A European Review
Fama, E.: 1980, ‹Agency Problem and the Theory of the Firm,’ Journal of Political Economy
Farrell, B. and D. Cobbin, 1996: ‹A Content Analysis of Codes of Ethics in Australian Enterprises,’ Journal of Management Development
Farrell, B., D. Cobbin and H. Farrell: 2002, ‹Can Codes of Ethics Really Produce Consistent Behaviors?,’ Journal of Managerial Psychology
Fernández, C. and Arrondo, R.: 2005, ‹Alternative Internal controls as Substitutes of the Board of Directors, ‹ Corporate Governance: an International Review
Fleege, E. and E. Adrian: 2004, ‹The Implementation of Corporate Ethics: A Comparative Study between Motorola and Ericsson,’ UW-L
Journal of Undergraduate Research
García Lara, J.M. and A. Mora: 2004, ‹Balance Sheet versus Earnings Conservatism in Europe,’ European Accounting Review 13 (2), 261–292.CrossRef
Gibson, K.: 2000, ‹The Moral Basis of Stakeholder Theory,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Goldberg, A.J.: 1979, ‹Some Observations on the Effectiveness of Outside Directors,’ Journal of Contemporary Business
8 (1), 33–40.
Guillén, M., D. Melé and P. Murphy: 2002, ‹European vs. American Approaches to Institutionalization of Business Ethics: the Spanish Case,’ Business Ethics: A European Review
Haniffa, R.M. and Cooke, T.E.: 2005, ‹The impact of culture and governance on corporate social reporting,’ Journal of Accounting and Public Policy
Harrington, S.J.: 1996, ‹The Effect of Codes of Ethics and Personal Denial of Responsibility on Computer Abuse Judgements and Intentions,’ MIS Quarterly
Harris, H.: 2004, ‹Performance Measurement for Voluntary Codes: An Opportunity and a Challenge,’ Business and Society Review
Hasnas, J.: 1998, ‹The Normative Theories of Business Ethics: A Guide for the Perplexed’, Business Ethics Quarterly
Healy, M. and J. Isles: 2002, ‹The Establishment and Enforcement of Codes,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Heidrick & Struggles, Lore International Institute, Neisendorf & Associates, Inc.: 2004, Assuring Ethical and Responsible Leadership: How to Meet the Challenge.
Helin, S. and J. Sandström: 2007, ‹An Inquiry into the Study of Corporate Codes of Ethics’, Journal of Business Ethics
Higgs, D.: 2003, Review of the Role and Effectiveness of Non-Executive Directors (London: Department of Trade and Industry).
Ibrahim, N.A. and J.P. Angelidis: 1995, ‹The Corporate Social Responsiveness Orientation of Board Members: Are there Differences between Inside and Outside Directors?,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Ibrahim, N.A., D.P. Howard and J.P. Angelidis: 2003, ‹Board Members in the Service Industry: An Empirical Examination of the Relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and Directorial Type,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Independent Directors Association and The Russian Institute of Directors: 2004, Business Ethics (Guidelines for Russian Companies, IDA and Rid, Moscow).
International Federation of Accountants: 2007, International Good Practice Guidance. Defining and Developing an Effective Code of Conduct for Organizations (IFAC, Professional Accountants in Business Committee)
Investment and Financial Services association Limited: 2003, Corporate governance: A Guide for Fund Managers and Corporations (3rd edn. Sydney: IFSA).
Jennings, M.: 2003, Business Ethics (West Legal Studies in Business).
Jensen, M. C. and W.H. Meckling: 1976, ‹Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency Costs and Ownership Structure,’ Journal of Financial Economics
Jones, I. and M. Pollitt: 1999, The Development of Ethical Issues Facing Boards of Directors: A Model with Implications (Working Paper No. 151, ESRC Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge)
Kaptein, M.: 2004, ‹Business Codes of Multinational Firms: What Do They Say?,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Kaptein, M. and M.S. Schwartz: 2008, ‹The Effectiveness of Business Codes: A Critical Examination of Existing Studies and the Development of an Integrated Research Model,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Kaptein M. and J. Wempe: 1998, ‹Twelve Gordian Knots When Developing and Organizational Code of Ethics,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Kedia, B. and E. Kuntz: 1981, The Content of Social Performance: An Empirical Study of Texas Banks, in Preston (ed.), Research in Corporate Social Performance and Policy (JAI Press, Greenwich CT).
Kesner, I.F., B. Victor. and B. LaMont: 1986, ‹Board Composition and the Commission of Illegal Acts: An Investigation of Fortune 500 Companies,’ Academy of Management Journal,
KPMG Belgium: 2002, Business Codes in Belgium 2002 (KPMG, Brussels).
La Porta, R., López-de-Silanes. F. and Shleifer, A.: 1999, ‹Corporate Ownership around the World,’ Journal of Finance
Lane, J.C.: 1995, ‹Ethics of Business Students: some Marketing Perspectives,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Langlois, C.C. and B. Schlegelmilch: 1990, ‹Do Corporate Codes of Ethics Reflect National Character? Evidence from Europe and the United States,’ Journal of International Business Studies
Lefebvre, M. and R J.B. Singh: 1996, ‹A Comparison of the Contents and Foci of Canadian and American Corporate Codes of Ethics,’ International Journal of Management
13 (2), 156–170.
Loe, T., L. Ferrell and P. Mansfield: 2000, `A Review of Empirical Studies. Assessing Ethical Decision Making in Business', Journal of Business Ethics
Long, B.S. and C. Driscoll (2008), “Codes of Ethics and the Pursuit of Organizational Legitimacy: Theoretical and Empirical Contributions,” Journal of Business Ethics
Mathews, M. C.: 1987, ‹Codes of Ethics: Organizational Behavior and Misbehavior’, in W. C. Fredrick (ed.), Research in Corporate Social Performance, Vol. 9 (JAI Press, Greenwich, CT), pp. 107–130
McKendall, M., B. DeMarr and C. Jones-Rikkers: 2002, ‹Ethical Compliance Programs and Corporate Illegality: Testing the Assumptions of the Corporate Sentencing Guidelines,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Melé, D., P. Debeljuh and M.C. Arruda: 2006, ‹Corporate Ethical Policies in Large Corporations in Argentina, Brazil and Spain,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Melle M.: 1999 ‹El Gobierno de Empresas Cotizadas: Código de Buen Gobierno y Reglamento Tipo del Consejo de Administración,’ Papeles de Economía Española
Morck R., A. Sheleifer and R.W. Vishny: 1988, ‹Management ownership and market valuation: an empirical analysis,’ Journal of Financial Economics
, p. 293–315.CrossRef
New York Stock Exchange: 2003, ‹Corporate Governance Rules, New York’, http://www. nyse.com/pdfs/finalcorpgovrules.pdf
. Accessed 13 May 2007.
O’Dwyer, B and G. Madden: 2006, ‹Ethical Codes of Conduct in Irish Companies: A survey of Code Content and Enforcement Procedures,’ Journal of Business Ethics
OECD: 2004, ‹Corporate Governance, Frequently Asked Questions about the OECD Principles of Corporate Governance’, http://www.oecd.org/faq/
. 15 June 2007.
O’Neill, H., H. C. Saunders and A. McCarthy: 1989, Board Members’ Background Characteristics and their Level of Corporate Social Responsiveness: A Multivariate Investigation. Proceeding of the Academy of Management Best Papers, pp. 32–36
Payne, D., C. Raiborn and J. Askvik: 1997, ‹A Global Code of Business Ethics,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Peterson, D.: 2002, ‹The Relationship Between Unethical Behavior and the Dimensions of the Ethical Climate Questionnaire,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Pierce, M.A and J. W. Henry: 1996, ‹Computer Ethics: The Role of Personal, Informal and Formal Codes,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Rose, C.: 2007, ‹Does Female Board Representation Influence Firm Performance? The Danish Evidence, ‹ Corporate Governance: An International Review
Sanderson, G.R. and I. Varner: 1984, ‹What’s wrong with Corporate Codes of Conduct?,’ Management Accounting
66 (1), 28–32.
Schlegelmilch, B. and J. Houston: 1989, ‹Corporate Codes of Ethics in Large U.K. Companies: An Empirical Investigation of Use, Content and Attitudes,’ European Journal of Marketing
Schwartz, M. S.: 2001, ‹The Nature of the Relationship between Corporate Codes of Ethics and Behavior,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Schwartz, M.S.: 2002, ‹A Code of Ethics for Corporate Code of Ethics,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Schwartz, M.S. and A.B. Carroll: 2003, ‹Corporate Social Responsibility: A Three-Domain Approach,’ Business Ethics Quarterly
Schwartz, M.S., T.W. Dunfee. and M.J. Kline: 2005, ‹Tone at the Top: An Ethics Code for Directors?,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Singh. J., E. Carasco., G. Svensson., G. Word and M. Callaghan: 2005, ‹A Comparative Study of the Contents of Corporate Codes of Ethics in Australia, Canada and Sweden,’ Journal of World Business
, pp. 91–109.CrossRef
Snell, R.S., A.M.K. Chak and J.W.H. Chu: 1999, ‹Codes of Ethics in Hong Kong: Their Adoption and Impact in the Run-up to the 1997 transition of Sovereignty to China,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Snell, R.S. and N.C. Herndon, Jr.: 2000, ‹An Evaluation of Hong-Kong’s Corporate Code of Ethics Initiative,’ Asia Pacific Journal of Management
Spiller, R.: 2002, `Ethical Business and Investment: A Model for Business and Society', Journal of Business Ethics
Stevens, B.: 1994, ‹An Analysis of Corporate Ethical Codes Studies: Where do we go from here?,’ Jounal of Business Ethics
Stevens, B.: 1996, ‹Using the Competing Values Framework to Assess Corporate Ethical Codes,’ Journal of Business Communication
Stevens, B.: 2004, ‹The Ethics of the US Business Executive: A Study of Perceptions,’ Journal Business Ethics
Stevens, B.: 2008, ‹Corporate Ethical Codes: Effective Instruments for Influencing Behavior,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Svensson, G., G. Wood and M. Callaghan: 2006, ‹Codes of Ethics in Corporate Sweden,’ Corporate Governance
Tsoutsoura, M.: 2004, Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Performance (Working Paper, Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley)
Valentine, S. and T. Barnett: 2002, ‹Ethics Codes and Sales Professionals Perceptions of Their Organizations Ethical Values,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Vogel, D.: 1993, ‹Differing National approaches to Business Ethics,’ Business Ethics: A European Review
Waddock, S., C. Bodwell and S. Graves: 2002, ‹Responsibility: The New Business Imperative,’ Academy of Management Executive
Waddock, S. A. and S.B. Graves.: 1997, ‹The Corporate Social Performance Financial Performance Link,’ Strategic Management Journal
Wang, J. and B.S. Coffey: 1992, ‹Board Composition and Corporate Philanthropy,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Webb, E.: 2004, ‹An Examination of Socially Responsible Firms’ Board Structure,’ Journal of Management and Governance
White, B.J. and B.R. Montgomery: 1980, ‹Corporate Codes of Conduct,’ California Management Review
23 (2), 80–87.
Williams, R.J.: 2003, ‹Women on Corporate Boards of Directors and their Influence on Corporate Philantropy,’ Journal of Business Ethics
Wood, G. and M. Callaghan: 2003, ‹Communicating the Ethos of Codes of Ethics in Corporate Australia, 1995–2001: Whose Rights, Whose Responsibilities?,’ Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal
Zyglidopoulos, S.C.: 2003, ‹The Issue Life-cycle: Implications for Reputation for Social Performance and Organizational Legitimacy,’ Corporate Reputation Review