Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 89, Issue 4, pp 491–507

Does Stakeholder Management have a Dark Side?

  • Carmelo Cennamo
  • Pascual Berrone
  • Luis R. Gomez-Mejia

DOI: 10.1007/s10551-008-0012-x

Cite this article as:
Cennamo, C., Berrone, P. & Gomez-Mejia, L.R. J Bus Ethics (2009) 89: 491. doi:10.1007/s10551-008-0012-x


This article is a first attempt to line out the conditions under which executives might have a real self-interest in pursuing a broad stakeholder management (SM) orientation to enlarge their power. We suggest that managers have wider latitude of action under an SM approach, even when this is instrumental to financial performance. The causally ambiguity of the performance effects of idiosyncratic relationships with stakeholders not only makes SM strategy difficult for competitors to imitate but also increases managerial discretion. When managers use this situation for their own benefit, they can undermine the purported goals of the SM approach. By analyzing some of the factors that might lead to such disfunctionalities, this article advances a theory of the potential dark side of SM.

Key words

causal ambiguity corporate governance managerial discretion stakeholder management stakeholder theory 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmelo Cennamo
    • 1
  • Pascual Berrone
    • 2
  • Luis R. Gomez-Mejia
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Strategic Management Instituto de Empresa Business SchoolMadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of Strategic ManagementIESE Business School, University of NavarraMadridSpain
  3. 3.Department of ManagementArizona State UniversityTempeU.S.A.

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