Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 89, Issue 2, pp 297–313

Corporate Environmental Citizenship Variation in Developing Countries: An Institutional Framework


DOI: 10.1007/s10551-008-0001-0

Cite this article as:
Özen, Ş. & Küskü, F. J Bus Ethics (2009) 89: 297. doi:10.1007/s10551-008-0001-0


This study focuses on why some companies in developing countries go beyond environmental regulations when implementing their corporate environmental social responsibilities or citizenship behavior. Drawing mainly upon the new institutional theory, this study develops a conceptual framework to explain three institutional factors: companies’ market orientations, industrial characteristics, and corporate identities. Accordingly, we suggest that companies from developing countries that are oriented to markets in developed countries, operate in highly concentrated industries, and have missionary identities adopt corporate environmental citizenship behavior by going beyond environmental regulations. The study also discusses the theoretical, policy, and managerial implications of the conceptual framework.

Key words

corporate environmental citizenshipcorporate environmental social responsibilitynew institutionalisminstitutional diversitymarket orientationindustry concentrationorganizational identitydeveloping countries



Corporate Environmental Citizenship


Social movement organization


Non-governmental organization


Concentration rate

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Başkent UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Istanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey