, Volume 144, Issue 2, pp 343-351
Date: 12 Feb 2014

Effect of adjuvant endocrine therapy on hormonal levels in premenopausal women with breast cancer: the ProBONE II study

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Endocrine therapy (ET) is a key treatment modality in hormone receptor positive (HR+) early breast cancer (BC) patients. Although the anticancer activity of adjuvant ET + zoledronic acid (ZOL) has been investigated, the potential effects of ET ± ZOL on endocrine hormones in premenopausal women with HR+ early BC are not well understood. ProBONE II was prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Premenopausal patients with histologically confirmed invasive BC with no evidence of metastases and a T score >−2.5 received ET ± ZOL 4 mg every 3 months for 2 years. Serum levels of estradiol (E2), follicle-stimulating hormone, anti-muellerian hormone (AMH), inhibins A and B, sex hormone-binding globulin, parathyroid hormone, total testosterone, and vitamin D were evaluated at baseline and at every scheduled visit. Of 71 women enrolled, 70 were evaluable (n = 34, ZOL; n = 36, placebo). No statistically significant differences were observed in hormone levels, except E2 and AMH, which showed minor differences. These included decreases in serum E2 levels, which reached a nadir after 3 and 9 months in placebo and ZOL groups, respectively, and decrease in serum AMH levels throughout the study with ZOL, but remained constant with placebo after 6 months. Adverse events in ZOL-treated group were influenza-like illness (32.4 %), bone pain (32.4 %), chills (20.6 %), and nausea (23.5 %). ET ± ZOL was well tolerated. This study showed no influence of ZOL on hormonal level changes that accompany ET, supporting inclusion of ZOL in adjuvant therapy for premenopausal women with HR + BC.

Katrin Birkholz was an employee of Novartis Pharma GmbH at the time of study conduct and during manuscript development until November 28, 2013.