Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 142, Issue 3, pp 549–558

Superior outcome after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with docetaxel, anthracycline, and cyclophosphamide versus docetaxel plus cyclophosphamide: results from the NATT trial in triple negative or HER2 positive breast cancer

Authors

  • Xiaosong Chen
    • Comprehensive Breast Health Center, Ruijin HospitalShanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine
  • Guolin Ye
    • Department of Breast SurgeryThe First People’s Hospital of Foshan
  • Chenfang Zhang
    • Department of Breast SurgeryGuangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Area
  • Xinzheng Li
    • Department of Breast SurgeryShanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital
  • Yiding Chen
    • Department of Breast SurgeryObstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University
  • Xiaohong Xie
    • Department of Breast SurgeryZhejiang Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital
  • Hong Zheng
    • Department of Breast SurgeryWest China Hospital Sichuan University
  • Yali Cao
    • Department of Breast SurgeryThe Third Hospital of Nanchang
  • Kejin Wu
    • Department of Breast Surgery, Xin Hua HospitalShanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine
  • Duo Ni
    • Department of Breast SurgeryXinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Cancer Hospital
  • Jinhai Tang
    • Department of Breast SurgeryJiangsu Cancer Hospital
  • Ziguo Wei
    • Department of Breast and Thyroid SurgeryLinyi People’s Hospital
    • Comprehensive Breast Health Center, Ruijin HospitalShanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine
Clinical trial

DOI: 10.1007/s10549-013-2761-1

Cite this article as:
Chen, X., Ye, G., Zhang, C. et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat (2013) 142: 549. doi:10.1007/s10549-013-2761-1

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of docetaxel plus cyclophosphamide (TC) compared with docetaxel, anthracycline, and cyclophosphamide (TEC) in neoadjuvant treatment of triple negative or HER2 positive breast cancer. Eligible breast cancer patients were randomized to receive six cycles of TC or TEC. The primary end point was pathological complete remission (pCR). Secondary end points included safety, clinical response rate, and survival outcome. One hundred and two patients were initially randomized and 96 patients were available for efficacy analysis. 96.9 % patients were treated with epirubicin as an anthracycline agent. pCR rates were 6.8 % (3/45) and 17.6 % (9/51) in TC and TEC group, respectively, P = 0.113. After a mean follow up of 20 (3–36) months, non-anthracycline-containing TC regimen treatment resulted in a worse event-free survival (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.42; 95 % CI 1.11–5.30) and disease-free survival (HR 2.85; 95 % CI 1.21–6.74) compared with TEC regimen, which was more apparent in triple negative subtype. Severe adverse event rates were similar, except that patients treated with TEC had a higher rate of neutropenia and leucopenia. TEC treatment had a superior survival outcome and trend of higher pCR rate compared with TC in this trial setting, especially in triple negative subtype, which deserves further validation.

Keywords

Triple negative breast cancerNeoadjuvant chemotherapyAnthracyclinePathological complete remissionPrognosisHER2 positive breast cancer

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013