Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 135, Issue 3, pp 629–637

Recommendations for the aesthetic evaluation of breast cancer conservative treatment


    • Breast UnitChampalimaud Cancer Centre
  • Jaime Santos Cardoso
    • INESC Porto Breast Research Group, Faculdade de EngenhariaUniversidade do Porto
  • Conny Vrieling
    • Centre de Radio-oncologie des Eaux-Vives
  • Douglas Macmillan
    • Nottingham Breast Institute, Nottingham City Hospital
  • Dick Rainsbury
    • Winchester and Andover Breast Unit
  • Joerg Heil
    • Breast UnitUniversity of Heidelberg
  • Eric Hau
    • Cancer Care CentreSt. George Hospital
  • Mohammed Keshtgar
    • Royal Free Hospital and University College London (UCL)

DOI: 10.1007/s10549-012-1978-8

Cite this article as:
Cardoso, M.J., Cardoso, J.S., Vrieling, C. et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat (2012) 135: 629. doi:10.1007/s10549-012-1978-8


During the Turning Subjective Into Objective seminar held in Lisbon in May 2011, experts in the topic gathered to discuss the unsolved problems of aesthetic evaluation of breast-conserving treatment (BCT). The purpose of this study is to review the main methodological issues related to the aesthetic evaluation of BCT, to discuss currently used methods of evaluation and the lack of a gold standard, and to write a set of recommendations that can be used as guidance for the aesthetic evaluation of BCT.


Breast cancer conservative treatmentAssessmentAesthetic resultsRecommendations

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012