Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 130, Issue 2, pp 387–398

Resveratrol suppresses growth of cancer stem-like cells by inhibiting fatty acid synthase

  • Puspa R. Pandey
  • Hiroshi Okuda
  • Misako Watabe
  • Sudha K. Pai
  • Wen Liu
  • Aya Kobayashi
  • Fei Xing
  • Koji Fukuda
  • Shigeru Hirota
  • Tamotsu Sugai
  • Go Wakabayashi
  • Keisuke Koeda
  • Masahiro Kashiwaba
  • Kazuyuki Suzuki
  • Toshimi Chiba
  • Masaki Endo
  • Tomoaki Fujioka
  • Susumu Tanji
  • Yin-Yuan Mo
  • Deliang Cao
  • Andrew C. Wilber
  • Kounosuke Watabe
Preclinical Study

DOI: 10.1007/s10549-010-1300-6

Cite this article as:
Pandey, P.R., Okuda, H., Watabe, M. et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat (2011) 130: 387. doi:10.1007/s10549-010-1300-6

Abstract

Resveratrol is a natural polyphenolic compound and has been shown to exhibit cardio-protective as well as anti-neoplastic effects on various types of cancers. However, the exact mechanism of its anti-tumor effect is not clearly defined. Resveratrol has been shown to have strong hypolipidemic effect on normal adipocytes and as hyper-lipogenesis is a hallmark of cancer cell physiology, the effect of resveratrol on lipid synthesis in cancer stem-like cells (CD24/CD44+/ESA+) that were isolated from both ER+ and ER− breast cancer cell lines was examined. The authors found that resveratrol significantly reduced the cell viability and mammosphere formation followed by inducing apoptosis in cancer stem-like cells. This inhibitory effect of resveratrol is accompanied by a significant reduction in lipid synthesis which is caused by the down-regulation of the fatty acid synthase (FAS) gene followed by up-regulation of pro-apoptotic genes, DAPK2 and BNIP3. The activation of apoptotic pathway in the cancer stem-like cells was suppressed by TOFA and by Fumonisin B1, suggesting that resveratrol-induced apoptosis is indeed through the modulation of FAS-mediated cell survival signaling. Importantly, resveratrol was able to significantly suppress the growth of cancer stem-like cells in an animal model of xenograft without showing apparental toxicity. Taken together, the results of this study indicate that resveratrol is capable of inducing apoptosis in the cancer stem-like cells through suppression of lipogenesis by modulating FAS expression, which highlights a novel mechanism of anti-tumor effect of resveratrol.

Keywords

Fatty acid synthaseLipogenesisBreast cancerStem-like cellsApoptosis

Abbreviations

FAS

Fatty acid synthase

ER+

Estrogen receptor positive

ER−

Estrogen receptor negative

DAPK2

Death associated kinase 2

BNIP3

BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3

TRAIL

Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand

ACC

Acetyl-CoA carboxylase

TOFA

5-(Tetradecyloxy)-2-furoic acid

qRT-PCR

Quantitative real-time PCR

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Puspa R. Pandey
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Okuda
    • 1
  • Misako Watabe
    • 1
  • Sudha K. Pai
    • 1
  • Wen Liu
    • 1
  • Aya Kobayashi
    • 1
  • Fei Xing
    • 1
  • Koji Fukuda
    • 1
  • Shigeru Hirota
    • 2
  • Tamotsu Sugai
    • 2
  • Go Wakabayashi
    • 2
  • Keisuke Koeda
    • 2
  • Masahiro Kashiwaba
    • 2
  • Kazuyuki Suzuki
    • 2
  • Toshimi Chiba
    • 2
  • Masaki Endo
    • 2
  • Tomoaki Fujioka
    • 2
  • Susumu Tanji
    • 2
  • Yin-Yuan Mo
    • 1
  • Deliang Cao
    • 1
  • Andrew C. Wilber
    • 3
  • Kounosuke Watabe
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical Microbiology, Immunology & Cell BiologySouthern Illinois University School of MedicineSpringfieldUSA
  2. 2.Iwate Medical University, School of MedicineMoriokaJapan
  3. 3.Department of SurgerySouthern Illinois University School of MedicineSpringfieldUSA