Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 121, Issue 1, pp 111–120

Phase II trial of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin plus docetaxel with and without trastuzumab in metastatic breast cancer: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Trial E3198

Authors

    • The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
  • Molin Wang
    • Dana Farber Cancer Institute
  • Hailun Li
    • Dana Farber Cancer Institute
  • Michael R. Pins
    • Northwestern University
    • Advocate Lutheran General Hospital
  • Florence J. Pretorius
    • University of Pretoria
  • Kendrith M. Rowland
    • Carle Clinic
  • Joseph A. Sparano
    • Montefiore-Einstein Cancer CenterAlbert Einstein College of Medicine
  • Nancy E. Davidson
    • The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
    • University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Clinical trial

DOI: 10.1007/s10549-010-0838-7

Cite this article as:
Wolff, A.C., Wang, M., Li, H. et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat (2010) 121: 111. doi:10.1007/s10549-010-0838-7

Abstract

The purpose of this trial was to determine cardiac toxicity and overall efficacy of the pegylated liposome doxorubicin (PLD)–docetaxel couplet alone if HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (internal control) or with trastuzumab if HER2-positive disease. Upon central HER2 confirmation, 84 eligible patients received induction with PLD (30 mg/m2) and docetaxel (60 mg/m2) every 3 weeks (maximum eight cycles), alone if HER2-negative (arm A; N = 38) or plus trastuzumab (4 mg/kg once, then 2 mg/kg weekly) if HER2-positive disease (arm B; N = 46) as first-line therapy. Maintenance therapy (without PLD) allowed. Primary objectives were to determine whether congestive heart failure (CHF) rate >3% and the efficacy/toxicity of each arm. CHF rate was <3% in each arm. Response rate, median progression-free-, and overall survival in arms A and B were 47.4 and 45.7%, 11 and 10.6 months, and 24.6 and 31.8 months, respectively. Trastuzumab arm was associated with higher rates of hand foot syndrome (grade 3: 22 vs. 38%; P = 0.16; overall 51 vs. 75%, P = 0.03) and treatment discontinuation due to toxicity/patient withdrawal (13 vs. 28%; P = 0.11). Febrile neutropenia occurred in ~10% of patients. In conclusion, concurrent administration of trastuzumab with PLD–docetaxel was not associated with higher risk of cardiac toxicity compared with PLD–docetaxel alone, but led to excessive hand-foot syndrome.

Keywords

Pegylated liposomal doxorubicinTrastuzumabDocetaxelMetastatic breast cancerCardiotoxicity

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2010