Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 117, Issue 3, pp 603–609

Immediate versus delayed zoledronic acid for prevention of bone loss in postmenopausal women with breast cancer starting letrozole after tamoxifen-N03CC

Authors

    • Mayo Clinic Jacksonville
  • Betty Mincey
    • Private Practice
  • Todor Dentchev
    • Altru Health Systems
  • Jeff A. Sloan
    • Mayo Clinic Foundation
  • Edith A. Perez
    • Mayo Clinic Jacksonville
  • David B. Johnson
    • Wichita Community Clinical Oncology Program
  • Paul L. Schaefer
    • Toledo Community Hospital Oncology Program CCOP
  • Steve Alberts
    • Mayo Clinic Foundation
  • Heshan Liu
    • Mayo Clinic Foundation
  • Stephen Kahanic
    • Siouxland Hematology-Oncology Associates
  • Miroslaw A. Mazurczak
    • Sioux Community Cancer Consortium
  • Daniel A. Nikcevich
    • Duluth CCOP
  • Charles L. Loprinzi
    • Mayo Clinic Foundation
Clinical Trial

DOI: 10.1007/s10549-009-0332-2

Cite this article as:
Hines, S.L., Mincey, B., Dentchev, T. et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat (2009) 117: 603. doi:10.1007/s10549-009-0332-2

Abstract

Postmenopausal women with breast cancer (BC) are at increased risk for bone loss. Bisphosphonates improve bone mineral density (BMD) in normal postmenopausal women. The purpose of this study was to determine if immediate treatment with zoledronic acid preserves BMD in postmenopausal women with BC starting letrozole after tamoxifen. Postmenopausal women with BC completing tamoxifen were treated with daily letrozole 2.5 mg/vitamin D 400 I.U., calcium 500 mg twice daily and were randomized to upfront or delayed zoledronic acid 4 mg every 6 months. Patients in the delayed arm were only given zoledronic acid if they developed a post-baseline BMD T score <−2.0 or had a fracture. The primary endpoint was the mean percent change in lumbar spine (LS) BMD at 1 year. About 558 women enrolled; 395 provided 1 year BMD data. The upfront arm experienced a mean change of +3.66% in LS BMD versus -1.66% for the delayed group (P < 0.001). Changes at the femoral neck/total hip were also greater for the upfront versus delayed arms (P < 0.001; P < 0.001) with differences persisting at 2 years. Patients in the delayed arm were more likely to experience a clinically meaningful 5% loss of BMD at all sites versus the upfront zoledronate group. Patients in the upfront arm were slightly more likely to report limb edema, fatigue, fever, nausea and jaw osteonecrosis(1%). Upfront zoledronic acid prevents bone loss in postmenopausal women with BC starting letrozole after tamoxifen.

Keywords

Breast cancerAromatase inhibitorBone lossZoledronic acid

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2009