Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 96, Issue 3, pp 227–232

Diet quality is directly associated with quality of life in breast cancer survivors

  • Sharon J Wayne
  • Kathy Baumgartner
  • Richard N Baumgartner
  • Leslie Bernstein
  • Deborah J Bowen
  • Rachel Ballard-Barbash
Epidemiology

DOI: 10.1007/s10549-005-9018-6

Cite this article as:
Wayne, S., Baumgartner, K., Baumgartner, R. et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat (2006) 96: 227. doi:10.1007/s10549-005-9018-6

Summary

Purpose

To determine whether there is a direct relationship between diet quality and quality of life in breast cancer survivors.

Methods

Subjects (n = 714) were members of the Health, Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle study, a study of breast cancer prognosis conducted in three areas of the western United States. Approximately 2 years after entry to this study, diet data were collecting using food frequency questionnaires. These data were used to classify diet quality using the Diet Quality Index. Approximately 10 months later, data on quality of life were gathered using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item short form health survey.

Results

After controlling for age, education, race/ethnicity, body mass index, stage of disease, and time from diagnosis to quality of life measurement, women with excellent diet quality had significantly better scores than women with poor diet quality for overall mental health functioning and for 3 of 4 mental health subscale scores and 2 of 4 physical health subscale scores.

Conclusion

Post-diagnosis diet quality is directly associated with subsequent mental and physical functioning in breast cancer survivors. This association is stronger for mental functioning than for physical functioning. The association remains strong after control for potential confounding variables.

Key words:

breast cancer cancer survival diet quality quality of life 

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharon J Wayne
    • 1
  • Kathy Baumgartner
    • 2
  • Richard N Baumgartner
    • 1
  • Leslie Bernstein
    • 3
  • Deborah J Bowen
    • 4
  • Rachel Ballard-Barbash
    • 5
  1. 1.Division of Epidemiology and Preventive MedicineDepartment of Internal Medicine University of New Mexico School of MedicineAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Cancer Research and Treatment CenterDepartment of Internal Medicine University of New Mexico School of MedicineAlbuquerqueUSA
  3. 3.Department of Preventive Medicine and USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer CenterKeck School of Medicine of the University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research CenterSeattleUSA
  5. 5.Applied Research ProgramNational Cancer InstituteBethesdaUSA
  6. 6.Division of Epidemiology and Preventive MedicineDepartment of Internal Medicine University of New Mexico School of MedicineAlbuquerqueUSA