, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 565-573
Date: 16 Nov 2012

Two neonatal cholestasis patients with mutations in the SRD5B1 (AKR1D1) gene: diagnosis and bile acid profiles during chenodeoxycholic acid treatment

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Background and aims

In two Japanese infants with neonatal cholestasis, 3-oxo-Δ4-steroid 5β-reductase deficiency was diagnosed based on mutations of the SRD5B1 gene. Unusual bile acids such as elevated 3-oxo-Δ4 bile acids were detected in their serum and urine by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. We studied effects of oral chenodeoxycholic acid treatment.

Patients and methods

SRD5B1 gene analysis used peripheral lymphocyte genomic DNA. Diagnosis and treatment of these two patients were investigated retrospectively and prospectively investigated.


With respect to SRD5B1, one patient was heterozygous (R266Q, a novel mutation) while the other was a compound heterozygote (G223E/R261C). Chenodeoxycholic acid treatment was effective in improving liver function and decreasing unusual bile acids such as 7α-hydroxy- and 7α,12α-dihydroxy-3-oxo-4-cholen-24-oic acids in serum and urine.


Primary bile acid treatment using chenodeoxycholic acid was effective for these patients treated in early infancy before the late stage of chronic cholestatic liver dysfunction.

Communicated by: Peter Theodore Clayton