, Volume 31, Issue 2 Supplement, pp 461-467
Date: 26 Dec 2008

A novel mutation in NDUFS4 causes Leigh syndrome in an Ashkenazi Jewish family

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Leigh syndrome is a neurodegenerative disorder of infancy or childhood generally due to mutations in nuclear or mitochondrial genes involved in mitochondrial energy metabolism. We performed linkage analysis in an Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) family without consanguinity with three affected children. Linkage to microsatellite markers D5S1969 and D5S407 led to evaluation of the complex I gene NDUFS4, in which we identified a novel homozygous c.462delA mutation that disrupts the reading frame. The resulting protein lacks a cAMP-dependent protein kinase phosphorylation site required for activation of mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I. In a random sample of 5000 healthy AJ individuals, the carrier frequency of the NDUFS4 mutation c.462delA was 1 in 1000, suggesting that it should be considered in all AJ patients with Leigh syndrome.

Communicating editor: John Christodoulou
Competing interests: None declared
References to electronic databases: Leigh syndrome: OMIM 256000. NDUFS4: OMIM 602694. NDUFS4 mRNA: GenBank accession # NM_002495.