Biomedical Microdevices

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 203–211

Modified fabrication process of protein chips using a short-chain self-assembled monolayer


DOI: 10.1007/s10544-007-9126-7

Cite this article as:
Jang, LS. & Keng, HK. Biomed Microdevices (2008) 10: 203. doi:10.1007/s10544-007-9126-7


In previous work a short chain SAM, 4,4-Dithiodibutyric Acid (DTBA) was found to be a thin monolayer in protein chips. However, obtaining uniform fluorescent intensity remains difficult because water-soluble carbodiimides (EDC) in an aqueous system cause the hydrolysis of N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (NHS esters). The hydrolysis of NHS esters reduces coupling yields and therefore reduces the fluorescent intensity of protein chips. The NHS can increase the stability of active intermediate resulting from the reaction of EDC and NHS, but the ratio of the concentration of EDC to that of NHS strongly affects this stability. The effects of the solvents used in the washing step are studied to solve this problem. The results reveal that PBST (PBS + 5% Tween20) is more effective in reducing the hydrolysis of NHS esters than deionized water. Additionally, the effects of 3:1 and 5:2 EDC/NHS ratios on the chips are examined. The 3:1 EDC/NHS ratio yields a higher fluorescent intensity than the 5:2 ratio. The effects on the chips of dissolving EDC in DI water, DI water + 0.1 M MES and alcohol are also investigated. The results show that alcohol provides higher fluorescent intensity than other solvents and the reaction time of 4 h yields a high fluorescent intensity with 3:1 EDC/NHS ratio. A modified fabrication process of protein chips using 4,4-DTBA is developed. In this work, 160 mM 4,4-DTBA is used as a self-assembled monolayer in the fabrication of protein chips. Experiments to characterize 4,4-DTBA are performed by contact angle goniometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Furthermore, the immobilized protein A-FITC (fluorescein isothiocyanate) is adopted in fluorescent assays.


Self-assembled monolayer4,4-DTBAEDC/NHSProtein chip

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering and Center for Micro/Nano Science and TechnologyNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan
  2. 2.Institute of Nanotechnology and Microsystem EngineeringNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan
  3. 3.TainanTaiwan