, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 497-525
Date: 08 Nov 2012

Weak convergence of finite element approximations of linear stochastic evolution equations with additive noise II. Fully discrete schemes

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Abstract

We present an abstract framework for analyzing the weak error of fully discrete approximation schemes for linear evolution equations driven by additive Gaussian noise. First, an abstract representation formula is derived for sufficiently smooth test functions. The formula is then applied to the wave equation, where the spatial approximation is done via the standard continuous finite element method and the time discretization via an I-stable rational approximation to the exponential function. It is found that the rate of weak convergence is twice that of strong convergence. Furthermore, in contrast to the parabolic case, higher order schemes in time, such as the Crank-Nicolson scheme, are worthwhile to use if the solution is not very regular. Finally we apply the theory to parabolic equations and detail a weak error estimate for the linearized Cahn-Hilliard-Cook equation as well as comment on the stochastic heat equation.

Communicated by Desmond Higham.
S. Larsson and F. Lindgren are supported by the Swedish Research Council (VR).
S. Larsson is supported by the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF) through GMMC, the Gothenburg Mathematical Modelling Centre.