Biology & Philosophy

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 347–360

Cultural transmission and social control of human behavior


  • Laureano Castro
    • Centro Asociado de MadridUNED
  • Luis Castro-Nogueira
    • Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología, Departamento de Sociología IUNED
  • Miguel A. Castro-Nogueira
    • Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología, Departamento de Sociología IUNED
    • Departamento de Producción Animal, ETS Ingenieros AgrónomosCiudad Universitaria

DOI: 10.1007/s10539-010-9201-y

Cite this article as:
Castro, L., Castro-Nogueira, L., Castro-Nogueira, M.A. et al. Biol Philos (2010) 25: 347. doi:10.1007/s10539-010-9201-y


Humans have developed the capacity to approve or disapprove of the behavior of their children and of unrelated individuals. The ability to approve or disapprove transformed social learning into a system of cumulative cultural inheritance, because it increased the reliability of cultural transmission. Moreover, people can transmit their behavioral experiences (regarding what can and cannot be done) to their offspring, thereby avoiding the costs of a laborious, and sometimes dangerous, evaluation of different cultural alternatives. Our thesis is that, during ontogeny, the evaluative communication (approval/disapproval) between parents and offspring is substituted by other evaluative communications among peers, like individuals of the same generation. Each person belongs to a reference social group with individuals that interact more intensively. Humans have developed psychological mechanisms that enable cultural transmission by being receptive to parental advice as well as their reference social group. The selective pressure that promoted these new evaluative interactions arose to facilitate the establishment of efficient cooperative relationships. In short, the social control of behavior is essential to understand human cultural transmission.


Cultural evolution Assessor Homo suadens Social learning

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010