, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 645-657
Date: 07 Feb 2010

Statistical medium optimization and biodegradative capacity of Ralstonia eutropha toward p-nitrophenol

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Abstract

The effect of p-nitrophenol (PNP) concentration with or without glucose and yeast extract on the growth and biodegradative capacity of Ralstonia eutropha was examined. The chemical constituents of the culture medium were modeled using a response surface methodology. The experiments were performed according to the central composite design arrangement considering PNP, glucose and yeast extract as the selected variables whose influences on the degradation was evaluated (shaking in reciprocal mode, temperature of 30°C, pH 7 and test time of about 9 h). Quadratic polynomial regression equations were used to quantitatively explain variations between and within the models (responses: the biodegradation capacity and the biomass formation). The coefficient of determination was high (R adjusted 2  = 0.9783), indicating the constructed polynomial model for PNP biodegradative capacity explains the variation between the regressors fairly well. A PNP removal efficiency of 74.5% occurred within 9 h (15 mg/L as the initial concentration of PNP with use of yeast extract at 0.5 g/L).